The time between conception and birth is perhaps one of the most vulnerable life stages, during which the environment has tremendous immediate and lasting effects on health. Evidence is accumulating that environmental exposures can cause infants to be born premature (before 37 weeks of gestation) or low weight (less than 2500 grams, or 5.5 pounds), or to be born with certain birth defects. It can also cause coughing, burning eyes and tightness in the chest for pregnant mothers.
The timing of exposure and the specific components of air pollution that possibly impact fetal development and birth outcomes are critical to our understanding of these processes.The fetus undergoes rapid growth and organ development and the maternal environment helps direct these processes, for better or for worse . These babies are far more likely to die in infancy, and those who survive have high risks of brain, respiratory, and digestive problems in early life. The impact of environmental exposures on fetal development may be far-reaching, growth and developmental delays in utero influence the risk for heart disease and diabetes in adulthood.
Hence, it is important to keep away from the surrounding environment carrying air and dust pollution. This becomes even more relevant during certain festival months like Diwali, when firecrackers heavily contaminate the air. Be safe!